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Before registering a company in Singapore, you first need to know the types of company that you can register. Here are the following companies you need to know.
1. SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP
This is a form of a business entity owned by one person. It’s the riskiest type of business in Singapore by the fact that the owner owns all the asset the assets and the liabilities, and this, therefore, means that the owner has no protection from personal assets and liabilities. In case of any misconduct in the business, the owner is the one who is being sued since it is not a separately incorporated entity. It has serious drawbacks to the entrepreneurs.
This is a form of business structure that is made up of 2 to 20 people. People with similar interests, skills or resources join, and therefore they share their profits, losses and duties depending on capital contribution as laid out in the Partnership Deed. It tries to address the limited expansion constraints and drawbacks such as losses faced by sole proprietorship. Partnerships in Singapore are of three types:-
(i). General Partnership
Like a sole proprietorship, this type of partnership the owners are liable for debts and liabilities of the business and the action of one partner is held responsible to the other partners.
(ii). Limited Partnership
In this type of business, the liabilities of the partners are limited to their investment but they are restricted from participation in the management of the limited partnerships.
(iii). Limited Liability Partnership
This type of partnership incorporates the features of partnerships and companies, and it must have at least two partners who enter into a detailed agreement regarding profits sharing and management responsibilities execution.
3. LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES
This type of company is a separate legal entity from its members with at least one of the directors a Singaporean, an Entre Pass holder or a permanent resident of Singapore. These companies are also limited by shares or guarantee. They are further subdivided into private limited companies and public limited companies.
(i). Private Limited Company
The maximum shareholders of this type of company are 50 people that can be individual or corporate entities or even both. The shares are not available to the general public and its name usually ends with Private Company or Pte. Ltd. It’s mostly preferred by entrepreneurs and businessmen in Singapore due to its flexibility and scalability such as tax benefits and incentives, ease of raising capital, easier transfer of ownership, credible image, perpetual succession, limited liability and separate legal entity.
(ii). Public Limited Company
According to Companies Act of Singapore, this type of company, must have at least 50 shareholders and its shares are offered to the general public. It is also subject to stringent rules and regulations as stipulated in the Companies Act of Singapore in order to protect the general interests of the public as they have the power to raise capital from them through issuing of debentures of shares.
4. FOREIGN COMPANIES
This is a company or any other form of a business entity formed outside Singapore. Like any other type of company, the foreign laws treats it as a separate legal entity and therefore it can be sued. It also has the power to own properties
5. NON-TRADING REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE
This is a type of foreign company solely formed to operate on a short-term basis before the establishment of the main company. The owners of this companies usually conduct market surveys to determine the available or unexplored business ventures in Singapore.
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